This Norman name comes from the Barony of Malaville in the Pays de Caux. It appears in Scotland in a Charter of Malcolm IV, and again as the name of a witness to the transfer of the Church at Tarland to the Church of St. Andrews, during the reign of William the Lion. The earliest existing charter of the Burgh of Aberdeen has a Melville for witness. The family gave the name of Melville to those lands in Midlothian which were their earliest Scottish possession. One of the most outstanding Melvilles was James, the Reformer, who spelt his name both Melville and Melvin. Other forms are Maling, Malling, Melling and Mellin. Just before the Union, the old Scottish title of Earl of Melville was merged with that of Leven into the Earldom of Leven and Melville.